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Speech on Mahadev Govind Ranade Jayanti
Respected Principal, Teachers and My dear friends Good Morning to All
Mahadev Govind Ranade was born on January 18, 1842 in Niphad, Maharashtra. India’s great Vibhuti Mahadev Govind Ranade was educated at Elphinstone College, Mumbai. Govind Ranade was a famous scholar, social reformer, jurist and Indian nationalist and is also known as ‘Socrates of Maharashtra’. Ranade was more influenced by the then social reform organizations like Prarthana Samaj, Arya Samaj and Brahmo Samaj.
He disseminated the ideology of the Brahmo Samaj movement outside Bengal and strongly opposed the social evils and superstitions of the time and actively participated in the works of social reform. Strongly opposed caste discrimination for excessive expenditure in marriages and ceremonies and traveling abroad, along with this he also emphasized on widow remarriage and women’s education. He contributed to the formation of many public organizations. These included important organizations such as the Ahmednagar Education Society, the Poona Sarvajanik Sabha and the Prarthana Samaj.
Ranade was one of the founders of the ‘Deccan Educational Society’. He also edited the Anglo-Marathi newspaper ‘Induprakash’. He wrote works like widow remarriage, revenue law, biography of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, rise of Marathas, religious and social reforms etc. As a true nationalist, Mahadev Govind Ranade not only supported the establishment of the ‘Indian National Congress’, but also participated in the first Bombay session of the Congress in 1885 AD.
Mahadev Govind Ranade was a strong supporter of Swadeshi. He held many prestigious positions during his lifetime, including the position of Member of the Bombay Legislative Council, Member of the Finance Committee of the Central Government and Judge of the Bombay High Court.
On January 16, 1901, he said goodbye to this world forever. Ranade, referring to the scriptures in support of widow-marriage, wrote ‘The Text of the Hindu Law’ in which he described the remarriage of widows as a rule and in this context he referred to those aspects of the Vedas which allow widow remarriage. and consider it to be in accordance with the scriptures.